In any system that we develop we sometime need to generate random numbers or random values so we will use any random generator without asking if it’s really providing real randomness or not, And also when we deal with cryptography we need to use a random generator but this time we will check what if this function will generate a real randomness or not and we will examine the generated values to check that, Why we do that ?, Because we are dealing with critical information and we really need some uniform data set to work with.
So what is Pseudo Random Number Generator ?
Pseudo Random Number Generators (PRGs/PRNGs)
A PRG is an efficient deterministic algorithm that expands a short, uniform seed into a longer pseudo random output.
And this is good whenever you have small number of true random bits, and you want to expand it and you want to have lots of “random looking” bits
Okay did you ask yourself from where we get this random values ?
generating random values it’s difficult for a computer to generate and that because computers are deterministic machines and can’t produce random values by it’s own so scientists found a way to collect random events like (mouse movements, CPU clock cycles, Hard drive heat , …) and so on.
And this data will be stored in something called the “pool” and this pool it consist of high entropy data, So when ever you want a random data you will be extracting values from the pool.
the second step will take this high entropy data and process it to yield a sequence of nearly independent and unbiased bits, the second step is necessary since high entropy data is not necessarily uniform.
I hope this post gave you a glance of how pseudo random number works and why they are important.